Re: Sand Filtration for well water with high clay content?

     Don't think a sand filter will work.  The problem is that the 
     "filter", sand, is bigger than what you're trying to filter out, clay. 
      Clay is positively charged and the problem when it is suspended is 
     that it won't stick to other clay or floculate. Sodium phosphate 
     (Calgon) will cause the clay to floculate and then settle out but as 
     you may know, phosphates are nutrients and will cause pollution.  
     Among other methods is an anionic eschange or resin exchange, ie. 
     water softener.  It has a resin exchange surface that is negatively 
     charged and the clay particles will exchange on its suface for sodium. 
      Not quite as bad as Calgon but in large cities the salt consuming 
     type of water softener is outlawed because of the problems it creates 
     in treating sewage not to mentioned leach field salinization.  I'm not 
     sure how it goes with septics but the systems are available in most 
     places and worth the money.  There are new types that recirculate and 
     thus don't consume salt or pollute but they aren't available unless 
     you live someplace like L.A. or San Diego where everyone softens their 
     water.  There is also reverse osmosis  which uses a micro-pore filter 
     (smaller than clay) and many undersink types can filter up to 10 
     gallons an hour I think, not sure.  This is the most responsive 
     alternative.  If I lived there I'd have one for my shower too.

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Subject: Sand Filtration for well water with high clay content?
Author:  <domesteading at sculptors dot com> at ~internet
Date:    9/1/97 11:44 PM

        When I was visiting my family back east this summer, I saw that
they were still having problems with their well water. (It's been giving
them problems for the 4-5 years since they built their new house.) The
water sometimes comes out kinda grey and filled with suspended clay
particles. It's OK for general hand-washing, or even quick showers, but not
something to drink or cook with, so they have to use bottled water for
those things.

        I was suggesting that they might want to consider setting up a
simple sand-filtration cistern down in their cellar, which allowed the well
water to settle, and filter through 8"-12" of sand before feeding into the
house pressure tank. I figured it should be enough to catch the clay
particles, and leave them with clear water that they could use for their
normal food preparation, etc. 

        Has anyone dealt with situations like this? Ever done a sand
filter? I've read about various implementations of them, but have never set
one up. Ideas? Experience? Warnings? :-)

           ___________________Think For Yourself____________________
                 Patrick G. Salsbury <salsbury at sculptors dot com>
           "I must Create a System or be enslav'd by another Man's.
   I will not reason or compare: my business is to Create." - William Blake

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